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Saddle stitch
To bind by stapling sheets together where they fold at the spine.

Scale
To identify the percent by which images should be enlarged or reduced.

Scaling wheel
Alternate term for Proportional scale.

Scanner
Electronic device used to make color separations and sometimes halftones and duotones.

Score
To compress paper along a line so it will fold more easily.

Screen
Piece of film with dots of uniform density, used to make plates that will print screen tints. See also Halftone screen.

Screen density
Amount of ink, expressed as percent of coverage, that a specific screen allows to print.

Screen printing
Method of printing by forcing ink through a mesh stencil.

Screen ruling
The number of rows or lines of dots per inch in a screen for tint or halftone.

Screen tint
Area of image printed with dots so ink coverage is less than 100% and simulates shading or a lighter color.

Scribe
To scratch lines into emulsion of a negative.

Scum
Undesirable thin film of ink covering non-image area of printed sheet,

Self-cover
Publication made entirely from the same paper so that cover is printed simultaneously with inside pages.

Self-mailer
Printed piece designed to be mailed without an envelope.

Separation
Alternate term for Color separation.

Setoff
Undesirable transfer of wet ink from the top of one sheet to the underside of another as they lie in the delivery stack of a press.

Sew
To use thread to fasten signatures together at the spine of a book.

Shadows
Darkest areas in a photograph or halftone.

Sharp
Characteristic of an image in clear focus.

Sheeter
Device to cut roll of paper into sheets.

Sheetfed press
Press that prints sheets of paper.

Shingling
Allowance made during pasteup or stripping to compensate for creep.

Short grain
Alternate term for Grain abort (paper).

Show through
Printing on one side of paper that can be seen on the other side.

Shrink wrap
Method of tightly wrapping packages or products in plastic film.

Side guides
Adjustable mechanism on register unit of a press that properly positions a sheet side to side

Side stitch
To bind by stapling through sheets along one edge.

Signature
Sheet of printed pages which, when folded, become part of a publication.

Sizing
Chemicals mixed with pulp that make paper less able to absorb moisture.

Skid
Alternate term for Pallet.

Slip sheet
Blank sheet placed between newly-made printed products to prevent setoff or scuffing during handling and shipping.

Slit
To cut paper using a disk or wheel.

Slow film
Film that requires a relatively large amount of light to record an image.

Slur
Undesirable phenomenon of halftone dots becoming slightly elongated during printing.

Small-format camera
Camera making negatives 35mm or smaller.

Smyth sewn
One pattern of sewn binding.

Soft bind
Alternate term for Perfect bind.

Soft cover
Bound without a case; usually perfect bound, but also sewn and bound with a paper cover.

Solid
Any area of the sheet that has received 100% ink coverage

Special effects
General term for reproduction of photographs using techniques such as line conversion and posterization.

Specialty advertising
Printed advertising on products such as mugs, matchbooks, jewelry, and pencils.

Specialty papers
Paper distributor term for carbonless, pressure-sensitive, synthetic, and other papers made for special applications.

Specialty printer
Printer specializing in making a particular product.

Specifications
Complete and precise descriptions of paper, ink, binding, quantity, and other features of a printing job.

Spec sheet
Short for sheet on which specifications are written.

Spine
Binding edge of a signature or publication.

Spiral bind
To bind using a spiral of wire or plastic looped through holes.

Spirit duplicating
Method of printing that uses a chemical fluid to dissolve a trace of carbon from the plate to make each impression.

Split fountain
Technique of printing more than one ink color at a time from a single printing unit.

Spoilage
Paper wasted during make ready, printing, or bindery operations.

Spot vamish
Varnish applied to portions of a sheet.

SRA0
ISO paper size 980 x 1280mm.

SRA1
ISO paper size 640 x 900mm.

SRA2
ISO paper size 450 x 640mm.

SRA3
ISO paper size 320 x 450mm.

SRA4
ISO paper size 225 x 320mm.

Stabilization paper
Paper for typesetting and PMTs that begins deteriorating a few weeks after use.

Stamping
Alternate term for Foil stamping.

Stat
General term for inexpensive photographic print of line copy or halftone.

Stat camera
Small process camera.

Stationery
Letterhead, envelopes, cards, and other printed materials for business correspondence.

Stencil
Piece of fabric or film carrying image for screen printing or mimeograph.

Stitch bind
To bind with wire staples

Stock
Paper or other substrate.

Stock photo
Photograph in a collection maintained for commercial purposes.

Stripper
Person who strips negatives.

Stripping
Assembling negatives in flats in preparation for making printing plates.

Substance weight
Alternate term for Basis weight used when referring to bond papers.

Substrate
Any surface on which printing is done.

Sub weight
Short for substance weight.

Supercalender
To calender paper extensively until very glossy.

Surprint
Alternate term for Overprint.

Swatch book
Book with small samples of paper or ink colors.

Synthetic paper
Plastic or other petroleum-based paper.